Scoliosis Brace and Treatment

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is an abnormal curvature and twisting of the spine that affects children during adolescent growth periods. The cause is unknown, hence it is called idiopathic. It is usually painless and affects both boys and girls. Girls tend to be associated more with AIS as it progresses to need treatment, either a scoliosis brace or surgery, more frequently in girls.

Scoliosis is usually detected by the school nurse, doctor or parents before the child is diagnosed by an orthopedic or scoliosis specialist.

Diagnosis is usually made by the doctor after radiological (X-ray) tests have been done to show the location of the curve apex, the angle of curvature (Cobb angle) and the skeletal maturity (Risser score). These results will lead the doctor to determine the prescribed treatment. As a rule of thumb doctors will use the following table as a guide.

Most people have some curvature of the spine and a Cobb angle of 10 or less is considered ‘normal’.

Cobb Angle Treatment
<25 degreesObservation and follow up
20-45 degreesScoliosis Brace
>40 degreesSurgery


There are a wealth of resources that can help you better understand scoliosis  and scoliosis brace treament and some of these can be found in the support and resources section.