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Scoliosis (AIS) is an abnormal curvature and twisting of the spine that
affects children during adolescent growth periods. The cause is unknown,
hence it is called idiopathic. It is usually painless and affects both
boys and girls. Girls tend to be associated more with AIS as it
progresses to need treatment, either a scoliosis brace or surgery, more frequently
Scoliosis is usually detected by the school nurse, doctor or parents before the child is diagnosed by an orthopedic or scoliosis specialist.
Diagnosis is usually made by the doctor after radiological (X-ray) tests have been done to show the location of the curve apex, the angle of curvature (Cobb angle) and the skeletal maturity (Risser score). These results will lead the doctor to determine the prescribed treatment. As a rule of thumb doctors will use the following table as a guide.
Most people have some curvature of the spine and a Cobb angle of 10 or less is considered ‘normal’.
There are a wealth of resources that can help you better understand scoliosis and scoliosis brace treament and some of these can be found in the
support and resources section.